Glossary of Special Needs Acronyms

Sometimes the Special Education community would seem to use more acronyms than the military. While engaged parents pick up on the terms that are relevant to protecting their child’s interests quickly, here is a list of common special education acronyms for the uninitiated:

1:1 – One-to-one

ADA – Americans with Disabilities Act (also seen as ADAAA or Americans with Disabilities Act, As Amended)

ABA – Applied Behavioral Analysis

APE – Adaptive Physical Education

AT – Assistive Technology

BSEA – Bureau of Special Education Appeals

DSM – Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of the American Psychiatric Association

EI – Early Intervention

ESD -  Extended School Day

ESY - Extended School Year

FAPE – Free Appropriate Public Education

FBA – Functional Behavioral Assessment

FERPA – Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act

IAES – Interim Alternative Educational Setting

IDEA – Individuals with Disabilities in Education Act

IEP – Individual Educational Plan

IEE – Independent Educational Evaluation

LEP – Limited English Proficiency

LRE – Least Restrictive Environment

NCLB – No Child Left Behind

OT – Occupational Therapy

PLEP – Present Level of Educational Performance

PT – Physical Therapy

SL – Speech Language

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